The Civilian Board of Contract Appeals (CBCA) was established on January 6, 2007, pursuant to section 847 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006, to hear and decide contract disputes between government contractors and civilian executive agencies under the provisions of the Contract Disputes Act, 41 U.S.C. §§ 7101-7109. The CBCA's authority under this statute extends to all agencies of the federal government except the Department of Defense and its constituent agencies, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the United States Postal Service, the Postal Regulatory Commission, and the Tennessee Valley Authority.
The newly-formed CBCA consolidated into one organization the functions of eight boards of contract appeals those of the Departments of Agriculture, Energy, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, Transportation, and Veterans Affairs, and the General Services Administration. The decisions of the predecessor boards continue as binding precedent at the CBCA.
The CBCA encourages the prompt, efficient and inexpensive resolution of contract disputes through the use of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). It uses a variety of techniques intended to shorten and simplify, when appropriate, the formal proceedings normally used to resolve cases. The Board also provides to executive agencies, when jointly requested by an agency and its contractor, alternative dispute resolution services on contract-related matters not covered by the Contract Disputes Act, whether those matters arise before or after a contract has been awarded.
In addition to contract disputes, the CBCA hears and decides various other classes of cases. These include:
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